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I. Artifact Name:

Poll Tax Receipt

II. Image

floridad.jpgpoll_1.jpg

III. Event Represented by the Artifact/Significance


The 24th Amendment Ended the Poll Tax
January 23, 1964

Many Southern states adopted a poll tax in the late 1800s. This meant that even though the 15th Amendment gave former slaves the right to vote, many poor people, both blacks and whites, did not have enough money to vote.
"Do you know I've never voted in my life, never been able to exercise my right as a citizen because of the poll tax?"
"Mr. Trout" to Mr. Pike, interviewer, Atlanta, Georgia. American Life Histories, 1936 - 1940.
More than 20 years after "Mr. Trout" spoke those words, the poll tax was abolished. At the ceremony in 1964 formalizing the 24th Amendment, President Lyndon Johnson noted that: "There can be no one too poor to vote." Thanks to the 24th Amendment, the right of all U.S. citizens to freely cast their votes has been secured. (from http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/jb/modern/polltax_2)


IV. Date and Place

Poll taxes are head taxes usually levied by local governments on adults within their jurisdiction. Compulsory poll taxes were employed in the United States from the colonial era until the early nineteenth century and a racially motivated poll tax came into use in the late nineteenth century. The Twenty‚Äźfourth Amendment to the Constitution, ratified in 1964, outlawed poll tax payments in federal elections. (from http://www.answers.com/topic/poll-tax)

V. Multimedia Found on the Internet



VI. Original Multimedia

montage_poll_tax.jpg

VII. Map


VIII. Curators




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Wikispaces : asheville-PD09 : Poll Tax Receipt - messages